Poem sleep presentation

Here you have the analysis presentation of the poem sleep. I work with Clara Allende and Agustin Reynal.

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Publicado en 5AC2018, language and lit | Deja un comentario

Conjunctions activity

I worked with Gaston Posse and Juan Stordeur

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Evening in Paradise

Howdy, in our Literature class we analyse the poem “Evening in Paradise”, Iworked with Agustin Reynal & Salvador Castagnino.

-What kind of writer was he? Explain.

was an English poet, polemicist, man of letters

Milton’s poetry and prose reflect deep personal convictions, a passion for freedom and self-determination, and the urgent issues and political turbulence of his day. Writing in English, Latin, Greek, and Italian, he achieved international renown within his lifetime

The Metaphysical poets were a group of writers of the 17thcentury, whose leader was John Donne, that reflected the crisis of their age through a new way of writing. The phrase “Metaphysical poetry”, which identifies the literary production of this period, was created later and could be misleading: in fact in its literal meaning it concerns with the main problems of nature, universe and man’s life.

-He wrote Paradise Lost. What is it about?

Now came still Evening on, and Twilight gray
Had in her sober livery all things clad;
Silence accompanied; for beast and bird,
They to their grassy couch, these to their nests
Were slunk, all but the wakeful nightingale.
She all night longer her amorous descant sung:
Silence was now pleased. Now glowed the firmament
With living Saphirs; Hesperus, that led
The starry host, rode brightest, till the Moon,
Rising in clouded majesty, at length
Apparent queen, unveiled her peerless light,
And o’er the dark her silver mantle threw;
When Adam thus to Eve: “Fair consort, the hour
Of night, and all things now retired to rest
Mind us of like repose; since God hath set
Labour and rest, as day and night, to men
Successive, and the timely dew of sleep,
Now falling with soft slumberous weight, inclines
Our eye-lids. Other creatures all day long
Rove idle, unemployed, and less need rest;
Man hath his daily work of body or mind
Appointed, which declares his dignity,
And the regard of Heaven on all his ways;
While other animals unactive range,
And of their doings God takes no account.
Tomorrow, ere fresh morning streak the east
With first approach of light, we must be risen,
And at our pleasant labour, to reform
Yon flowery arbours, yonder alleys green,
Our walk at noon, with branches overgrown,
That mock our scant manuring, and require
More hands than ours to lop their wanton growth.
Those blossoms also, and those dropping gums,
That lie bestrown, unsightly and unsmooth,
Ask riddance if we mean to tread with ease.

Paradise Lost is about Adam and Eve How they came to be created and how they came to lose their place in the Garden of Eden, also called Paradise. It’s the same story you find in the first pages of Genesis, expanded by Milton into a very long, detailed, narrative poem. It also includes the story of the origin of Satan. Originally, he was called Lucifer, an angel in heaven who led his followers in a war against God, and was ultimately sent with them to hell. Thirst for revenge led him to cause man’s downfall by turning into a serpent and tempting Eve to eat the forbidden fruit.

-Now, read the poem and say what you understand from it using your own words. (work on vocabulary)

glowed: give out steady light without flame

slumberous: sleepy; heavy with drowsiness, as the eyelids. 

riddance: the action of getting rid of a troublesome or unwanted person or thing.

 

Presentation.

Task 1: We could clearly say that the comparison between evening and paradise is an analogy as the author is trying to show how the evening and resting are the time of paradise every day, after working hard all day long. Also, with this comparison, he explains how the terms are seen from the point of view of religion.

Task 2:”Now came still Evening on, and Twilight gray” ”Labour and rest, as day and night, to men
Successive, and the timely dew of sleep,”

These two quotes talk about day and night. The first one sets the poem in the exact moment when the day ends and the night beggins. The second one, shows Adan talking about the day and night from a more religios or human point of view, which says that we should work during the day and rest during night.

”Silence accompanied; for beast and bird,”

This quote represents the nature which was present in the poem. It talks specificaly abou animals and birds. In my opinion birds are seaparate as many of them migrate all day long so different to others, almost don’t sleep.

“With living Saphirs; Hesperus, that led”

This quote talks about jwelery and probably represents luxury and the matetial world which has a clearly a conection with the religious world.

 Task 3:Enjambment is used by the writer to set a rhythm and to catch the reader’s attention.

  • In order to emphasize, Milton uses rimes

“Of night, and all things now retired to rest
Mind us of like repose; since God hath set
Labour and rest, as day and night, to men”

  • He uses aliteration

these ttheir nests were slunk”

to express an emotional charge, to highlight the idea that at night it is as if animals must go and rest.

  • Anaphora is used, in this case, to emphasize the atmosphere of tranquility  that ruled the night, as in this example

Silence accompanied; for beast and bird,
They to their grassy couch, these to their nests
Were slunk, all but the wakeful nightingale.
She all night longer her amorous descant sung:
Silence was now pleased. Now glowed the firmament”

Task 4:  Is the scene portrayed just a peacful natural scene? Could this be a funeral  scene? Account for this.
For me the peacful natural scene is clearly portrayed by sleepig or resting because is the only moment you have for yourself after a hard day of work. Peace only reaches to you at that moment and that is why it is so valuable, you can think, you can relax or whatever you want, you are free. It depends, it only could be a funeral scene if you die  in natural terms and not for other reason. If it is like that, death will be an eternal sleep that could bring peace forever and this could be a funeral scene. If it is not natural, neither peace or natural will reach you.
Task 5:  Words related with day/night and rest/sleep
“Brightest” “sleep” “light” “work” “Heaven” “fresh morning”
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Ensayo sobre los cuentos de Juan Rulfo

Juan Rulfo, nacido en México en 1917, fue un gran escritor y perteneció al boom Latinoamericano. El boom latinoamericano fue un fenómeno editorial en el cual cuentos de escritores latinoamericanos fueron vendidos a gran escala en países europeos, donde se daba a conocer, justamente, latinoamérica en diferentes caras. Muchos de estos textos utilizaron un género que se destacó en en esta época, el Realismo Mágico. Él se distinguió por sus cuentos de El Llano En Llamas, de los cuales voy a hablar sobre La noche que lo dejaron solo y Nos han dado la tierra.

En ambos cuentos Rulfo se ocupa de mostrar latinoamérica al mundo mediante los escenarios planteados, en los cuales se ve la pobreza y las injusticias por parte de los gobiernos/instituciones como en Nos han dado la tierra que al momento de dividir las tierras a algunos les dan las tierras que eran inhabitables por el calor o en La noche que lo dejaron solo podemos ver la situación económica “Se recostó en el tronco de un árbol”, “Feliciano Ruelas espero todavía un rato a que se le calmara el bullicio que sentía cosquillearle el estómago” podemos ver entonces pobreza y hambre.

Esto nos lleva a otra característica utilizada en los dos cuentos que es el uso de la naturaleza como algo extraordinario y poderoso pero muy común también “Uno platica aquí y las palabras se calientan en la boca con el calor de afuera” como en esta cita en “Nos han dado la tierra”. En el cuento “La noche que lo dejaron sólo” el escritor habla y describe las sierras y la variación climática dependiendo de donde uno estaba ubicado, en la base de la misma, o en la cima. “Esta debía de ser la sierra de que le habían hablado. Allá abajo al tiempo tibio, y ahora acá arriba este frío que se le metía por debajo del gabán”. Est cita nos es útil para ver  como Rulfo describe con un narrador en tercera persona los cambios que ocurrían en la sierra.

No obstante si nos detenemos en el cuento “Nos han dado la tierra” y prestamos atención a sus descripciones, vemos que Rulfo logra describir una naturaleza más cruda, seca y muy calurosa. El texto más allá del contexto, se basa en la descripción de un llano.“Uno platica aquí y las palabras se le calientan en la boca con el calor de afuera, y se le resecan a uno en la lengua hasta que acaban con el resuello.” Podemos ver como se ven representadas las altas temperaturas según Rulfo, como se encontraban los protagonistas y también cómo es realmente el llano para uno cuando quiere hablar. Estas descripciones con fuertes imágenes gráficas de la naturaleza, muestran de manera excelente la gran variedad de clima que hay en Latinoamérica. Por lo consiguiente uno de los efectos del boom se hace presente, y uno de sus objetivos también, mostrarle al resto del mundo como es realmente américa latina para las personas que viven en él y las variedades de clima que tenemos.

Por otro lado otro aspecto que se hace muy presente en ambos textos es la política. En “La noche que lo dejaron sólo” Rulfo basa su cuento en un hecho histórico realmente importante para su país como la guerra civil mexicana, en su cuento dos bandos pelean y los tíos de nuestro protagonista son tomados en contra de su voluntad, mientras lo siguen buscando a el. “Tiene que venir. Todos están arrendando para la Sierra de Comanja a juntarse con los cristeros del Catorce. Estos son ya de los últimos. Lo bueno seria dejarlos pasar para que les dieran guerra a los compañeros de Los Altos” En esta cita dos cosas son las que verdaderamente llaman nuestra atención, la primera como el bando opuesto a nuestro protagonista lo está esperando para matarlo también, y que el bando del mismo estaba marchando para pelear con otra de sus campañas militares.

En el texto “Nos han dado la tierra” nuestros protagonistas viven y sufren de la corrupción del gobierno, a medida que pasa el cuento uno logra interpretar que son removidos de sus tierras, y enviados a una que no les favorece ya que no está apto debido a sus condiciones para generar cultivo o vivir siquiera. “…el llano no lo queríamos. Queríamos lo que estaba junto al río… El delegado no venía a conversar con nosotros… nos dijo: – no se vayan a asustar por tener tanto terreno para ustedes solos.” Esta cita es útil para poder interpretar la imposición del gobierno sobre el pueblo, como lo hace en una dictadura, un tipo de gobierno que durante los 60 se hizo súper presente en latinoamérica. En este caso el gobierno no se ocupaba de que todos estuvieran en buenas condiciones y pudieran vivir de este nuevo lugar a donde los estaban mandando, dividían las tierras como les parecía, sin importar la opinión del campesino, o si la tierra que estaban regalando estaba apta para vivir.

En conclusión, el boom latinoamericano fue más que útil para poder mostrar a otras realidades primermundistas ma real latinoamérica, y que injusticias tanto sociales como políticas existen. También se dedicó a resaltar su delicada pero peligrosa naturaleza, la forma de vida de sus sociedades, las persecuciones y principalmente las frías guerrillas. El mandato de gobiernos corruptos y dictadores también son protagonistas de los relatos de la época. Para resumir, en su libro “El llano en llamas” Juan Rulfo logra convenir a sus lectores lo que era en el siglo xx la verdadera américa latina.

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Analyzing quotes: Games at Twillight

In the following virtual period we had to select 10 quotes taken from the story we had already read called Games at Twilight written by Anita Desai and analyze them. I worked with Sol Bernusi and Juan Stordeur.

ANALYSIS OF GAMES AT TWILIGHT

  • …the shed smelt of rats, ant hills, dust and spider webs. Also of less definable, less recognizable horrors.

In this quote Ravi is describing the place where he was hiding, that we can easily identify as a place that does not cause any satisfaction to anyone. No one would choose to be there, no one would be there with no purpose but Ravi had a purpose, he wanted to o overcome his fear, he wanted to win the game. Also the phrase refers to less recognizable horrors, the author is talking about the other creatures darkness can  hide.

  • …they burst out like seeds from a crackling, over-ripe pod into the veranda…  

The author uses seed so we can make a clear mind image of this scene, when the pod is ready it cracks to release it seeds. The door that the mother was keeping closed represents the pod and the seeds the kids that rushed outside as soon as the mother opened the door.

  • All this time no one had remembered Ravi.

Ravi thought that staying hidden would make him win the game, that’s way he made such an effort to overcome his fear in the shed. The other kids didn’t even care about him and they continue playing other games, this lack of attention he received made him very disappointed.

  • Having disappeared from the scene, he had disappeared from their minds. Clean.

If Ravi is not in front of them it does not have even a small place in their minds of thoughts, he seemed to them inexistent. The others do not care or think about him if it is not absolutely necessary. That is why they forgot about him when they were playing hide and seek.

  • They stared, wondering at his reappearance, his passion, his wild animal howling.Ravi’s long desire to win the hide and seek game, the competitive instinct he had against his siblings were enough for him to hide for so long that he’d end up forgotten by everyone. This is the last time that his motivation to compete would be shown at its fullest capacity, once he thinks he’s the winner. The expression on his sibling already hints at how Ravi was completely left behind by them.

 

  • The motherly Mira intervened

As simple as it may look, this quote gives insight on Ravi’s family and how he and his sibling are being raised. They each have a different personality and dynamics between each other, with Mira occupying a more motherly role when the actual mother is absent. This also indicates how the other children, with Ravi’s being one of them, need to be taken care of all the time.

 

  • He had sidled away and sat dejectedly on the flower pot. That at least was cut to his own size.

Ravi was too short to reach the keys, he wished he was tall enough but he was not. The flower pot instead was a better place for him to hide, he fitted perfectly well.

  • He had wanted victory and triumph – not a funeral.

The writer uses funeral, a horrible and sad scenarium to describe the way the other kids received Ravi. He wished a victory, he thought they were going to accept their defeat but they did not, they didn’t even know what was Ravi talking about. That is why a triumph turn out to be a funeral. We can also associate the word ‘funeral’ to the fact that he was dead for the other children.

  • He hugged his knees together and smiled to himself almost shyly at the thought of so much victory, such laurels.

When Ravi was hiding he thought of the such pride and happiness he would feel when he won the game, for him to win this game was a great achievement maybe  because he was the youngest.

  • He leapt up as Raghu whacked the wall with his stick…it made him feel protected

In this part of the story Ravi was hiding in the shed, he was lonely and scared and the presence of Raghu made him feel better.

  • He…wondered how many more creatures were watching him, waiting to reach out and touch him, the stranger.

He was so scared that he started to imagine strange and impossible things. Every time he felt something touching that could be anything like dust, for example. He was a stranger in the garage, a stranger for all the creatures that were there.

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Last virtual period: History

TASK: In it, you have to do some research on the development of the railway network in Argentina (as influenced by the English) in the 1800. Provide also a map of the network at the time. (You can/should establish a comparison with the network nowadays and/or with the network in England in the 1800).

 

The building of a new Argentina in the second half of the nineteenth century is invariably connected with the laying of the railway lines through the country, most of them by British engineering. After the fall of Rosas in 1852, liberal economic policies were introduced by men who had been forced to flee the country during the dictatorship and, in exile, had been in contact with European ideas and customs.

At hand in every event was a Briton. Britons placed more long-term investment in South America during the nineteenth century than in any other geographic region. Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Mexico and Uruguay received the lion’s share.’ Britain’s interest in Spanish America had always been strong. After Lord Ponsonby’s intervention in the creation of the state of Uruguay in 1826, his successors, Henry Fox, John Mandeville, William Gore Ouseley, Thomas Hood,. Lord Howden and Henry Southern, all secured advances in Britain’s relations with Buenos Aires. Treaties for communications, transport and navigation were signed in the 1850s, paving the way for a mass of investment that began with the railways.

Borges station today in the northern suburb of Olivos. Little Sussex on the pampas..... Click for a larger (colour) image.

Borges station today in Olivos, Buenos Aires

Imagen relacionadaRail transport in Argentina 1800

Resultado de imagen para map of the network in argentina 2017Rail transport in Argentina 2017

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Ensayo sobre los cuentos de Juan Rulfo

Juan Rulfo, nacido en México en 1917, fue un gran escritor y perteneció al boom Latinoamericano. El boom latinoamericano fue un fenómeno editorial en el cual cuentos de escritores latinoamericanos fueron vendidos a gran escala en países europeos, donde se daba a conocer, justamente, latinoamérica en diferentes caras. Se destacó por sus cuentos de El Llano En Llamas, de los cuales voy a hablar sobre La noche que lo dejaron solo y Nos han dado la tierra, en los cuales utilizó el destacado género literario de la época del boom, el realismo mágico.

En ambos cuentos Rulfo se ocupa de mostrar latinoamérica al mundo mediante los escenarios planteados, en los cuales se ve la pobreza y las injusticias por parte de los gobiernos/instituciones como en Nos han dado la tierra que al momento de dividir las tierras a algunos les dan las tierras que eran inhabitables por el calor o en La noche que lo dejaron solo podemos ver la situación económica “Se recostó en el tronco de un árbol”, “Feliciano Ruelas espero todavía un rato a que se le calmara el bullicio que sentía cosquillearle el estómago” podemos ver entonces pobreza y hambre. Esto nos lleva a otra característica utilizada en los dos cuentos que es el uso de la naturaleza como algo extraordinario y poderoso pero muy común también “Uno platica aquí y las palabras se calientan en la boca con el calor de afuera” como en esta cita de Nos han dado la tierra. Esto podría ser porque, a comparación con Europa, latinoamérica tiene mucha más abundancia de espacios verdes, es decir naturaleza en sí.

El uso del género literario, el realismo mágico, que es destacado en la mayoría de los textos de los escritores que pertenecieron al boom, aunque no sea un requisito para estar dentro del mismo ya que este se trata de un periodo de tiempo de ventas de libros de latinoamérica a gran escala y el otro es un género literario. También es una característica crucial para identificar los cuentos de Rulfo como parte de dicho movimiento editorial. Las creencias y eventos sobrenaturales son más aceptados y menos cuestionados en latinoamérica y se puede ver esta “magia” en gran parte de los personajes y sus formas de ser.

Por último, el escenario en el cual se llevan a cabo los dos cuentos está en mi opinión basado en los alrededores donde él creció y se crió. Latinoamérica y sus características como continente es presentada en ambas historias y es el último factor que confirma la conección de Nos han dado la tierra y La noche que lo dejaron solo con la narrativa característica de los narradores del boom latinoamericano.

Para cerrar, estoy de acuerdo en decir que los cuentos de Juan Rulfo comparten la misma narrativa característica que se usó con mucha frecuencia en el boom editorial en Latinoamérica por las diferentes características compartidas nombradas anteriormente.

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On Her death bed

Activity:

Data about the writer and context of production:

Monck, Mary, a woman of great beauty and considerable poetical abilities, daughter of Lord Molesworth. She acquired an intimate knowledge of Latin, Italian, and Spanish literature. Chiefly residing in the country, one of a numerous family, she cultivated poetry more as an amusement than with a view to publication. She married George Monck of Dublin. After her early death from consumption, at Bath, in 1715, a volume of her poems and translations was published. Several of her pieces are given in Cibber’s Lives of the Poets.

Context:

The second daughter of a wealthy British aristocrat (with strong Irish connections) who married a chap called George Monck in Ireland and then died in 1715 (we don’t know when she was born). We also have no clear indication of what killed her, but the implications of this poem is it was some sort of long standing condition.
Her poems were published after her death, as presumably it was composed for pleasure rather than with any professional aspirations. This poem was part of a body of written on her deathbed to her husband that was later published in a collection of Poems of Eminent Ladies.

 

Whether this poem is based on her life or not:

 

It is based on her life because the poet talks about her husband and personal feelings about him.
She was head over heels in love with this man, she believed that he was her truly soulmate and he was everything she had in the world.
When she dies she is sort of abandoning this soulmate she has although she believes that she is going to meet him again.

 

Themes:

The poem is about True love, companionship and friendship between the writer and her husband.
As the poem goes on the themes of aging and mortality are present too.

Tone:

The poem transmits a calmed tone as you read it and she tries to stay stable. But sometimes there are occasional emotional outbursts. Eventhough the tone is generally soothing and gentle.

 

Literary devices

Anaphora (“Thou”)
Rhymes (“employ” and “joy”)

Personal conclusion about the poem:

We believe that it is a very romantic poem that strongly transmits how fierce is the love that she feels for her husband.
We think that she should have found someone else in her life and not just hold to one person because you become very dependent of that person.
We admire how hopeful she is about meeting the love of her life again and how much faith she has.

Virtual period: (individual)

-choose a song that deals with the same topic, find a video and analyse it.

I chose this song because here and in the poem the voice loves so much her husband/boyfriend and cares a lot about him. Although their couples have defects, they are “still the one” for them because they love them entirely and not only the good things.

 

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VIRTUAL PERIOD ACTIVITY

 

Resultado de imagen para war poetry

  1. Check out the following page: https://www.poetryfoundation.org/articles/70139/the-poetry-of-world-war-i
  2. Choose one poem and prepare an analysis.
  3. Compare it to “Soldier, Rest!”
  4. Illustrate it with pictures and explain which different parts of the poem they illustrate.
  5. Post the analysis in your blog.

1-Futility, Wilfried Owen

 

I worked with Agustin Reynal
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Virtual period: Napoleon

In history, we have been working on France and Napoleon. As a virtual period task we were asked to make a life summary of Napoleon’s life.

http://www.history.com/topics/napoleon

  • Borned in Corsica, 1769.
  • At the age 9 his parents sent him to military school.
  • At 16, he graduated and became an altillery leutenant.
  • He studied strategy, lerned public speaking and joined the winning side of French Revolution.
  • He was promoted to captain then commander then general… until at the age of 26, he commanded the entire French army.
  • Napoleon fought wars in Italy, Austria, the Netherlands, Egypt and Syria.
  • Then he came back to France, engineered a Coup D’etat, and he was in charge at the age of 30.

Important things

  • Brought an end to France’s post revolution chaos.
  • Re-built Paris to a beautiful city.
  • Founded the french banking system.
  • Created a fair modern legal code that’s still in place today.
  • Crowned himself Emperor.
  • Appointed his baby son “king of Rome”.
  • Put other relatives in charge of other countries.
  • When his army started loosing and his enemies closed in, the french got fed up and handed him to the English, exiliated to St. Helena.
  • He lived there under guard for 7 years and died at age of 51.

SMALL man… who left a HUGE legacy, and changed Europe forever.

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